In the district Görlitz-Moys, now belonging to Polish Zgorzelec, was the Nazi camp “Stalag VIII A”, in which Olivier Messiaen was kept in prison (1940–42); here he composed the Quatuor pour la fin du temps and performed it with three fellow prisoners on 15.I.1941 before an audience of 400 people, who made do with the cold, the only three-string cello and the untuned piano — Today all traces of that camp have been wiped away.
The imposing Walhalla was inaugurated in 1842 as counterpart of the Parisian Pantheon. The first busts devoted to composers refer to Händel, Gluck, Haydn (“Heyden”) and Mozart; plaques for Hildegard von Bingen, Vogelweide and Wolfram. Later followed Beethoven (1866), Wagner (1913), Bach (1916), Schubert (1928), Bruckner (1937, unveiled by Hitler!), Reger (1948), R. Strauss (1973), Weber (1978). Interesting history of appreciations! Visit is rewarding.