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Opera und lyrische Musik
Compositions sorted on opus (if available)
Sheet music for Vaino Raitio
orchestra — Score —
Composed by Vaino Raitio (1891-1945). Score. Published by Fennica Gehrman (FG.042-05303-4).
— listening compact disc —
By Jukka-Pekka Saraste and Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra. By Vaino Raitio (1891-1945). Listening compact disc. Published by Ondine (NX.ODE790).
— CD — Classical
By Annemarie Astrom, Atte Kilpelainen, Tiina Karakorpi, Tomas Nunez-Garces, and Ulla Lampela. By Helvi Leiviska, Erkki Melartin (1875-1937), and Vaino Raitio (1891-1945). Classical. CD. Alba Records #ABCD 410. Published by Alba Records (NX.ABCD-410).
— listening CD —
By Ollila; Tapiola Sinfonietta. By Vaino Raitio (1891-1945). Listening CD. Published by Ondine (NX.ODE-975-2).
Voice, Orchestra — String Parts —
Composed by Vaino Hannikainen. Arranged by Ilkka Kuusisto. String Parts. Published by Fennica Gehrman (FG.042-08218-8).
Piano — Book Only —
Composed by John Vaino Forsman. Book Only. Composed 2013. 16 pages. Edition Wilhelm Hansen #WH26684. Published by Edition Wilhelm Hansen (BT.WH26684).
piano — performance score —
Composed by John Vaino Forsman. Stapled. Performance score. Composed 1952. Opus 12, No. 4. Baerenreiter Verlag #BA03501. Published by Baerenreiter Verlag (BA.BA03501).
piano — performance score —
Composed by John Vaino Forsman. Stapled. Performance score. Composed 1952. Opus 11, No. 3. Baerenreiter Verlag #BA03503. Published by Baerenreiter Verlag (BA.BA03503).
timpani, percussion, harp, piano, strings — Sheet Music — Modern
Composed by John Vaino Forsmann. Contemporary Large Ensemble/Orchestra. Modern. Sheet Music. Duration 00:25:00. Edition Peters #EP9182. Published by Edition Peters (PE.EP9182).
Suomi - Finland 100: A Century of Finnish Classics [Box Set] — Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra; Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra; Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra; Tapiola Sinfonietta; Jyvaskyla Sinfonia; Leif Segerstam; Sakari Oramo; Jukka-Pekka Saraste; Hannu Lintu; John Storgards; Soile Isokoski; Jorman Hynninen; Ma
— CD (5 discs) — Classical
By Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra; Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra; Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra; Tapiola Sinfonietta; Jyvaskyla Sinfonia; Leif Segerstam; Sakari Oramo; Jukka-Pekka Saraste; Hannu Lintu; John Storgards; Soile Isokoski; Jorman Hynninen; Ma. By Sibelius; Kajamus; Madetoja; Pingoud; Raitio; Klami; Melartin; Aarre; Merikanto; Englund; Aaltoila; Sallinen; Nordgren; Kaipainen; Saariaho; Lindberg; Merikanto; Kokkonen; Rautavaara; Mustonen; Kilipinen; Turunen; Kaski; Ikonen; Saariaho. Country of Origin: Finland. Classical. CD (5 discs). Naxos #ODE 1300-2Q. Published by Naxos (NX.ODE-1300-2Q).
Raitio could be considered as one of the most remarkable Colorists in the history of European art music. He began his career as a composer by writing music in the Late Romantic tradition, but his most popular work, symphonic poem The Swans (1919), was a turning-point in his career.
During the 1920s Raitio wrote eight outstanding symphonic poems where his unique Colorism played the most significant role. Unfortunately Raitio’s Cosmopolitan music was too much for the Finnish audiences and by the 1930s the composer turned into a more traditional way of writing music. In the silence, however, Raitio continued to compose his breath-taking Expressionistic music in the form of Operas. Raitio’s greatest opportunity for international breakthrough, the German productions of his Operas were cancelled due to the Second World War. The composer died in cancer 1945.
Raitio’s musical language is unique, but influences from the French and Russian masters of Impressionism and Colorism (e.g. Debussy, Scriabin) can be heard in his music. Also the French group of composers, Les Six, can be mentioned, but Raitio wrote many of his greatest works before his trip to Paris in 1925.
Some of Raitio’s greatest works:
Works for Stage
- The Daughter of Jephtha (1929) [Opera in Two Acts]
- The Watersprout (Vesipatsas) (1929) [Ballet]
- Princess Cecilia (Prinsessa Cecilia) (1933) [Opera in Five Acts]
- The King of Lydia (Lyydian kuningas) (1937) [Opera in One Act]
- Väinämöinen’s Proposal (Väinämöisen kosinta) (1937-40) [Opera in Three Acts]
- Symphony in G minor, op.13 (1918-19)
- The Swans (Joutsenet) (1919)
- Nocturne (1920)
- Fantasia estatica (1921)
- Antigone (1921-22) [A Trilogy of Three Symphonic Poems]
- Moonlight on Jupiter (Kuutamo Jupiterissa) (1922-23)
- Fantasia poetica (1923)
- Four Color Poems (1922)
Even up to today Raitio has remained as a mysterious personality. He prefered solitude and avoided large crowds and the public. Only few facts about his life is known and there are only few documents proving that he ever lived. However, his music speaks for himself. He was a genious (very much respected by Sibelius) but never won recognition. The reason why he was neglected remains in the fact that his music was too modern for the Finnish audiences of his time. Many of his works were never performed during his lifetime (only one of his orchestral works was pulbished!) and he has been rediscovered by musicologists as late as in the 1990s. The Väinö Raitio Society was founded in 1991.